The hottest railway freight is brewing to raise pr

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Railway freight is planning to raise the price by 1 point in the first half of the year, increasing the income by more than 20 billion

raising the price by 1 point, increasing the income by more than 20 billion. The price increase income can make up for the financing gap of railway infrastructure

the national price bureau working conference was held recently. At the meeting, the national development and Reform Commission studied and deployed the price work in 2013. The relevant person in charge of the national development and Reform Commission pointed out that in 2013, we should adhere to the market orientation and promote the reform of railway freight prices. It is understood that the reform of railway freight rates continued to deepen in 2013. On the one hand, the official price of railway freight should be increased; On the other hand, some unreasonable charges, including some extended services, will be cancelled. Such an increase and decrease will not increase the burden of enterprises taking railway freight transportation too much

according to insiders, the railway tariff reform is regarded as a major channel for railway infrastructure financing, and may be released in the first half of the year

freight transportation is a profitable part of the railway transportation of the Ministry of railways, which subsidizes the loss of passenger transportation. According to the data released by the Ministry of railways, the total transportation revenue of National Railways in 2011 was 503.58 billion yuan, including 160.7 billion yuan of passenger ticket revenue and 221.11 billion yuan of freight revenue

"China's railway transport capacity still cannot meet the needs, and the loss of railway passenger transport is mainly subsidized by freight; while driving one more passenger car is equivalent to driving three fewer freight cars. After the completion of the high-speed railway, the old line will be dominated by freight, which can increase the transport capacity." Wang Mengshu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, told the economic information daily that in addition, the Ministry of Railways has to turn over tens of billions of yuan to the state every year, which is mainly from freight revenue

Wang Mengshu said that the railway freight volume is large and the speed is fast, and its price is only equivalent to one fifth of the highway freight rate. In addition, the costs of electricity, water, manpower, etc. of the railway are also rising, and the cost of railway freight is also increasing, so there is still room for railway freight prices to improve

in fact, in recent years, railway freight prices have been rising moderately. In May last year, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Railways jointly announced that the price of railway freight lines with unified freight rates across the country was adjusted. The average freight rate of goods per ton kilometer was increased by 1 cent, or 9.5%, from the original average 10.51 cents per ton kilometer to 11.51 cents. Among them, the operating price increased from an average of 7.21 cents per ton of kilometers to 8.21 cents. This is the eighth time since 2003 that the state has raised railway freight prices

in Wang Mengshu's view, the rise in railway freight prices has not been in place, "because of the low price of railway freight and the shortage of transportation capacity, there is a phenomenon of reselling cars". Zhao Jian, a professor at Beijing Jiaotong University, also believes that the railway freight price should be priced in the market and can fluctuate up and down. For example, the United States determines the price according to the needs of major customers

it is understood that in the freight rate reform to be carried out in 2013, on the one hand, the official price of railway freight should be increased, on the other hand, some extended service charges in railway freight should be cancelled. In fact, in the "notice on adjusting the price of railway freight transportation" issued by the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Railways last year, the two charges of "comprehensive service with high force measurement accuracy" and "comprehensive service of arrival" in the extended service of railway freight transportation were canceled, and it was stipulated that railway diversified enterprises (including their joint-stock enterprises) should not engage in railway transportation agency services for chemical fertilizers, pesticides, phosphate rocks, grain, cotton and other goods, No agency service fee shall be charged for the above goods

"the railway bureau used some wagons to engage in logistics, and the income did not go into the book of the Ministry of railways, but subsidized the staff. At the end of last year, the Ministry of Railways cancelled this business of the Railway Bureau, and this business should be redistributed." Wang Mengshu said. Due to the shortage of wagons, the railway administration has a charge called "counting fare". Zhao Jian believes that this is an unreasonable charge, and this part of the charge has been put into the pockets of the railway administration. "If these messy charges are included, the railway freight price may be close to the road transportation price"

insiders believe that the reform of railway freight rates is conducive to the separation of government and enterprises by the Ministry of Railways and the establishment of the position of the railway administration as the main body of market competition. The implementation of freight rate reform has not only ensured the advantageous position of railway freight transportation, but also increased the income of the Ministry of Railways without increasing the burden on enterprises

recently, Minister of Railways shengguangzu said at the national railway work conference that according to the three-year railway construction plan of extrusion technology suppliers after the 12th Five Year Plan, in 2013, the national railway arranged 650billion yuan of fixed asset investment, including 520billion yuan of capital construction investment, and more than 5200 kilometers of new lines put into operation. As of the third quarter of 2012, the assets of the Ministry of railways were 4 3 trillion yuan, liabilities 2.66 trillion yuan, asset liability ratio 61.81%. Due to the heavy debt of the Ministry of railways, the zero point "Xiao zero" of the height display table and the huge infrastructure investment, the railway freight price increase is regarded as a major channel for railway infrastructure financing

data show that in 2011, the total volume of railway freight transportation (including luggage and parcel transportation) in China reached 3.93 billion tons, of which 32 were national railways 900 million tons. The total turnover of national railway freight transportation (including luggage turnover) has been completed 2 9 trillion ton kilometers, of which 2 are national railways 7 trillion ton kilometers. Experts pointed out that raising the railway freight price by one point may bring more than 20 billion yuan to the Ministry of railways

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