The railway freight reform was implemented on the 15th, and the Railway Bureau turned into a "logistics provider"
the railway freight reform, which has been brewing for a long time, will be officially implemented from June 15
yesterday (June 6), Cheng Xiandong, director of the Transportation Bureau of China Railway Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the China Railway General Corporation), interpreted the four major contents of the railway freight reform: reforming the freight acceptance mode, reforming the transportation organization mode, cleaning up and standardizing freight charges, and vigorously developing the "door-to-door" whole process logistics service of the railway. At the same time, specific reform plans to solve the business intersection between the three major railway transportation companies and the railway bureau have gradually surfaced
the daily economy learned from relevant companies and the industry that the railway transportation business and vehicle assets of China Railway Express will return to the local railway bureau; China railway container retains container assets, and vehicle assets are handed over to the local railway bureau, and its main business transitions from "transportation operation" to "transportation management"; Due to its special transportation nature, China Railway special transportation has been least affected and changed
the market pattern forces the railway freight reform
Cheng Xiandong regards this freight reform as a key step in the railway marketization
specifically, reform the way of freight handling, including simplifying procedures, broadening channels, opening acceptance, and handling on arrival; The reform of transportation organization requires the preparation of transportation plans according to the transportation needs of customers, the timely arrangement of shipment, and the improvement of transportation efficiency; Clean up and standardize freight charges, including the implementation of "door-to-door" and "buy it now" charges throughout the process
previously, railway freight services have been faced with problems such as complicated handling procedures, nonstandard transportation charges, opaque transportation capacity distribution, and disconnection between transportation organization and market demand
Cheng Xiandong said that through the reform, we should realize the transformation of railway transportation organization from internal production type to market-oriented type, and take this as a breakthrough to promote the overall reform of railway transportation
yesterday, in an interview with the daily economy, most people in the industry said that this seemingly spontaneous railway freight reform of China Railway General Administration was actually a market "self-help" behavior that they had to do, because the situation of "one car is hard to find" of railway freight had long ceased to exist, and instead, the growth of freight volume was weak or even decreased
according to the national freight volume data, from January to April this year, roads, waterways and civil aviation increased by 10.5%, 9.3% and 4.8% year-on-year respectively, and the express industry surged by 64.3%, except for railway freight, which fell by 2.4% year-on-year
although the decline of railway freight volume is related to the off-season of 198 polyvinyl chloride (PVC) door and window pulleys in the first quarter freight, from the government level, Liu Bin, director of the Transportation Management Research Office of the Comprehensive Transportation Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, believes that the impact of existing mechanisms, including freight price increases, has actually damaged the competitiveness of railway freight
as for the reform results of railway freight transport, the industry generally believes that "the short-term is not optimistic". Cheng Xiandong also admitted that due to the wide range and great difficulty of this reform, some functions and measures of the reform still need to be tested by practice and society
Liu Bin believes that China's railway reform has three levels: separating government from enterprises, breaking monopoly, and establishing a modern enterprise system. In his view, the current seemingly grand reform of the railway system is in fact only the most basic and minimal change at the level of "management science"
China Railway Express may focus on "door-to-door"
in this railway freight reform, the three major railway transportation companies subordinate to the former Ministry of railways are the most directly affected at the micro level
the daily economy learned from many parties yesterday that there are differences in the specific reform plans for the three major railway transportation companies. China Railway Express has the largest action, in which "baggage and parcel tariff management authority" and "railway baggage and parcel agency" will be transferred to the Railway Bureau, and China Railway Express will no longer undertake the operation and management of railway baggage and parcel transportation business
it is reported that at the end of May, the general manager of China Railway pointed out that the baggage car, express train and other assets originally allocated to China Railway Express were included in the local railway and there was a lack of technology accumulation and innovation Bureau, and the Railway Bureau was responsible for the organization and transportation of baggage car; The freight car assets of China Railway Express belong to the Railway Corporation, and some warehouse sites of China Railway Express belong to the Railway Bureau
this means that China Railway Express will lose its qualification as a carrier in the railway express market and become a shipper, and the transportation revenue will belong to the Railway Bureau
the above news also said that China Railway Express will be mainly engaged in "door-to-door" express parcel business in the future
when Cheng Xiandong introduced the specific business of railway freight yesterday, in addition to the whole train transportation, whole vehicle transportation, railway express freight trains, etc. on February 16, he also included high-speed rail express (using high-speed rail to confirm trains and passenger multiple unit trains, providing intercity "on the same day" or "on the next day" and other small parcel express services). The industry believes that China Railway Express may give full play to its potential in high-speed rail express in the future
public information shows that China Railway Express currently has 2030 business institutions in more than 670 large and medium-sized cities across the country, and the "door-to-door" distribution business has reached nearly 900 cities
in addition, many insiders expressed opposition and concern about the split of the relevant railway assets and businesses of the three major transportation companies. One of the reasons is that after the merger of China Railway Express, founded in 2003, and China Railway Luggage and parcel in 2006, its operating revenue once exceeded 10 billion yuan in 2008, becoming the second largest domestic transportation enterprise after COSCO. Although its net profit was once at a loss, it has the opportunity to reform and revitalize, The three major professional railway transportation companies, including China Railway Express, have announced plans to enter the capital market. Obviously, after being split, the three companies may not have the possibility of listing and financing
it was reported yesterday that the asset cutting work of China Railway Express and the Railway Corporation and the local railway bureau will be completed before 18:00 on June 15. In this regard, the relevant personnel of China Railway Express told the daily economy that they have not received formal notice yet